Tomasz Tuzel
Mark Bridgman
Joshua Zepf


We present research on the limitations of detecting atypical activity by a hypervisor from the perspective of a guest domain. Individual instructions which have virtual machine exiting capability were evaluated, using wall timing and kernel thread racing as metrics. Cache-based memory access timing is performed with the Flush รพ Reload technique. Analysis of the potential methods for detecting non-temporal memory accesses are also discussed. It is found that a guest domain can use these techniques to reliably determine whether instructions or memory regions are being accessed in manner that deviates from normal hypervisor behavior.